What is hypertension?
How do you know you have hypertension?
Hypertension (HPT or HT) is also known as high blood pressure (HBP). This is the persistent elevation of blood pressure in the arteries.
Hypertension does not usually show any kinds of symptoms. It can be identified through direct screening or when seeking medical check-up for related or unrelated health conditions. When hypertension is detected, indication of headache, lightheadedness or vertigo, tinnitus, and altered vision or fading episodes can be observed.
Acquiring hypertension may be attributed to the following:
1. Aging. There is no denying that as a person ages, the body becomes more susceptible to illnesses and diseases like hypertension.
2. Food or the diet being observed. Excessive sodium or salt intake can lead to HPT, cardiovascular conditions and other diseases. Too much sugar and fat-laden diets can also contribute to HPT, diabetes and other illnesses.
3. Other medical conditions of a patient. At times hypertension can be caused by a complication from other medical conditions like sleep apnea; kidney problems; Cushing’s syndrome; diabetes; heart disease; thyroid disorders; and other diseases.
4. Sedentary lifestyle. A person who lacks exercise is likely to be at risk of acquiring hypertension; weight gain; heart conditions and other illnesses.
5. Vices. Excessive drinking of alcohol, smoking or using of recreational drugs like stimulants and depressants can cause damages to the heart and arteries which spawns to the risk of having high blood pressure.
6. Insufficiency of certain nutrients in the body. Nutrients like potassium balances the level of sodium in body cells. Thus, it is best to eat potassium-rich food like banana, sweet potato, winter squash, yogurt, white beans, beetroot and other tubers.
7. Medication intake. Hypertension has been listed as one of the top potential side effects of a variety of medications. Some of the most common medications that may lead to hypertension are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, decongestants, certain antidepressants and hormonal birth control.
8. Excessive Stress. Too much stress causes the adrenal glands to pump out hormones that increase blood pressure, hence, causing hypertension.
What is hypertension management?
Hypertension can be managed by changing your lifestyle and by the intake of antihypertensive medications. With the proper intake of antihypertensive medicines, a patient can cause their blood pressure to decrease.
Reducing the blood pressure by 5 mmHg can decrease the risk of complications like stroke, ischaemic heart disease, dementia, heart failure and cardiovascular disease. At Carolina Pharmacy, the patient’s cardiovascular condition including myocardial infarction and stroke are taken into consideration.
Our pharmacists aim to get a more accurate picture of the patient’s medication risks when offering hypertensive medications. This way we are able to provide the proper anti-hypertensive medication and at the same time educate our patients about managing their hypertension.